After two years of seesaw negotiations, Canada, the United States and Mexico signed a new North American trade agreement to replace NAFTA on November 30, 2018. The USMCA (or CUSMA in Canada) still needs to be ratified by all three countries before it comes into effect.
The CCPA participated in consultations to inform the government’s position on the new NAFTA, was present at multiple negotiating rounds and continues to analyze the legal text of the final agreement from a public interest perspective.
The USMCA replicates many regressive features of previous corporate-biased trade agreements and pushes those boundaries with costly intellectual property restrictions and “deregulatory co-operation” rules. But it also includes some positive steps that have long been demanded by the CCPA and Canadian civil society, including the elimination of investor-state dispute settlement between Canada and the U.S.
From the Behind the Numbers blog
- USMCA and drug costs: Time to stand up to Big Pharma, by Scott Sinclair, April 11, 2019
- The New NAFTA is a missed opportunity for gender equality, by Laura Macondald and Nadia Ibrahim, January 23, 2019
- Future of USMCA could turn on labour rights, by Scott Sinclair, Nov. 29, 2018
- The new NAFTA: What’s the deal with energy?, by Amy Janzwood, Nov. 21, 2018
- USMCA: Red tape for regulators, by Stuart Trew, Oct. 24, 2018
- Updated NAFTA deal a profound failure for climate action, by Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, Oct. 12, 2018
- USMCA strikes a welcome blow against investor-state dispute settlement, by Scott Sinclair, Oct. 10, 2018
- NAFTA end game: The predictable and perilous trade-offs facing Canada, by Scott Sinclair, Sept. 7, 2018
- Amid NAFTA turmoil, Trudeau government quietly ditches progressive trade agenda, by Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, Aug. 30, 2018
- The future of the Canadian auto industry, by Charlotte Yates and John Holmes, February 26, 2019
- Saving NAFTA Chapter 19: Was it worth it?, by Scott Sinclair, Oct. 23, 2018
- Canada’s track record under NAFTA Chapter 11: North American investor-state disputes to January 2018, by Scott Sinclair, Jan. 16, 2018
- What is the NAFTA advantage? Putting the tariff impacts of a Trump termination in perspective, by Pierre Laliberté and Scott Sinclair, June 29, 2017
- A sustainable and progressive NAFTA: CCPA submission to Global Affairs Canada on the renegotiation and modernization of the North American Free Trade Agreement, by Scott Sinclair, Stuart Trew and Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, July 19, 2017
The “New NAFTA”: Red Tape for Regulators? The CCPA’s Stuart Trew and Sharon Treat of the U.S.-based Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy explain how the USMCA’s chapters on technical barriers to trade, sanitary and phytosanitary standards and “good regulatory practices” will put hurdles in the way of environmental, public health and consumer protection policies. (Webinar recorded on Nov. 16, 2018.)