Since the 1960s, planning for community-based care for people with disabilities has been a major focus in Canada. Many municipalities have adopted zoning strategies that exclude facilities for people with disabilities from their territory. These uses of municipal powers restrict the ability of people to live in neighbourhoods that might provide access to employment, services and other amenities. They also dampen the health and diversity of neighbourhoods. However, municipalities do not have to act in this way. This report examines scholarly works and analyses showing that municipalities, through their legal authority to zone their territories, have included or excluded certain groups of people, whether intentionally or otherwise.
Practices of municipal exclusion
October 27, 2012